The Differences Between Rainbow Mountain Vinicunca & Rainbow Mountain Palccoyo

The Differences Between Rainbow Mountain Vinicunca & Rainbow Mountain Palccoyo

It is nothing new that the rainbow mountains in Peru have become one of the major tourist attractions. In our opinion, they are definitely one of the must visit spots when in Cusco.

However, there are two different rainbow mountains you can visit: the rainbow mountain Vinicunca and the rainbow mountain Palccoyo.

It is well worth it writing an entire blog post about the differences as there are quite some.

That’s why in this article we focus on what you should know about the rainbow mountains in Peru and we’ll help you find out which is the most suitable option for you.

Table of contents:


Rainbow Mountain Vinicunca vs. Rainbow Mountain Palccoyo

Popularity and Amount of Tourists

The Vinicunca rainbow mountain has become so popular that a few weeks ago almost 2000 people have gone up during the 2022 easter holidays.

Even though it’s a lot, that’s still far from the number of daily tourists visiting Machu Picchu, the most famous tourist attraction in all of Peru.

No matter if you go during high or low season, you will certainly never be alone as there are a lot of travel agencies offering daily departures to the Vinicunca mountain.

travelers at vinicunca rainbow mountain

 Each day hundreds of travelers are hiking up to see the famous Vinicunca rainbow mountain.


The alternative rainbow mountain Palccoyo has been discovered when Vinicunca was famous already, but few people cared about finding out more about “another” rainbow mountain.

scenery rainbow mountains palccoyo

At Palccoyo rainbow mountain you’ll be far away from the crowds.


However, up until today there are many travelers that do not know about its existence and it’s advantages.

That’s why there are hardly any tourist groups around. You can almost feel like an explorer discovering a new site on your own.


Difficulty and Duration

At both tours, you will be hiking at over 4800 m which is why preparing yourself properly so you can avoid altitude sickness is crucial.

The Vinicunca rainbow mountain hike is more difficult as you have to hike longer.

In fact, depending on where you start, the tour can vary between 3-4 to 6 hours in total.

Various travelers told us already that they hardly got to enjoy the view as they were so exhausted when they finally reached the summit.

scenery at vinicunca with red valley in the background

The path on the left side takes around 3 hours and the one on the right side 1.5-2 hours to get to the top.


In general, the path is steeper than the one to get to the Palccoyo rainbow mountain, especially the last part.

Even though you can rent a horse ($20-25), it will not take you all the way but only to the beginning of the last steep part that you have to hike.

The Palccoyo hike is a lot easier, especially if you have done hikes, such as to Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu mountain, on the days prior.

couple in ponchos at palccoyo rainbow mountain

 This hike to Palccoyo is a lot easier and will also reward you with beautiful views.


We have had various families and adults over 60 that did and loved this tour as it wasn’t as hard as they thought, even though they still felt their heart beating due to the altitude.

The path is flatter, the distance is shorter and you’ll be hiking 45 – 60 minutes compared to 1.5 – 2 hours each way.

travel group with guide and alpaca at palccoyo

Happy travel group that reached the Palccoyo rainbow mountain.  


This doesn’t sound like too much of a difference, but at this level of elevation the difference is striking.

The alternative rainbow mountain tour is the suitable option for beginners or people that want to take it easy, whereas the Vinicunca rainbow mountain tour is for experienced trekkers or people that are looking for a challenge.

Especially when adding the return through the red valley, as the descent alone takes around 2.5 hours.


Rainbow Mountains and the Landscape

During the Vinicunca trek you only see one rainbow mountain. However, as you get the frontal view of it, it looks very impressive.

guy taking picture of vinicunca

A beautiful view of the Vinicunca rainbow mountain.


You will also be able to see the Ausangate mountain(6384 m / 20,945 ft.) in the distance, the highest mountain in Cusco, which makes up for a spectacular setting.

If the conditions are good, it’s also possible to see the mighty glacier during the Palccoyo tour but farther way.

An extra we at Exploor offer to our clients is that we include an optional return hike through the red valley.

It is an out of this world landscape where the entire valley surrounding you is red. Really unbelievable!

travel group in red valley

Hiking through the Red Valley is an incredible experience. 


The Palccoyo rainbow mountain tour offers you three different rainbow mountains. The first can be seen from the parking lot, the second one on the way and the third one is the final destination.

More than that, you will most likely also see locals working on the fields and animals, such as alpacas and llamas.

Unlike on the Vinicunca trek, you won’t see any horses around as they are not allowed.

That’s why many people perceive the Palccoyo rainbow mountain tour to be more authentic.

travel group with alpaca in front of rainbow mountain

During our Palccoyo tour you can take an alpaca or llama for a walk. 


Detailed Table Comparing the Rainbow Mountains

    Vinicunca Rainbow Mountain     Palccoyo Rainbow Mountain
 Travelers p. day1000 – 200050 – 100
 Time to reach summit 90 – 120 min45 – 60 min
Difficulty  Difficult Easy – moderate
Total trekking distance 6 km (3.7 miles) (incl. red valley + 4km/+2.5 miles) 7 km (4.3 miles)
Max. altitude 5102 m (16,731 ft)4971 m (16,309 ft)
 Time in car 3.5 hours each way3.5 hours each way
Weather conditions Often colder, as the mountain is closer to Ausangate mountain. Better, as it’s further away from Ausangate.
 Rainbow Mountains13
 Exploor`’s tour extrasOption to hike through the Red Valley on the way back (entrance: S/10, $3)Hike with an alpaca or llama; visit of the stone forest and a local community visit (social project
Arrival time in Cusco5:00 pm 3:30 pm
 Option to rent a horseYes, for S/ 80 ($24)No
 Best time of the year May – September (dry season)May – September (dry season)
 Drone usageYes and free of charge. Just ask an official person at the mountain.Yes, but you have to pay S/ 50 ($15) to the local community.


Best Time to Visit the Rainbow Mountains in Peru

In Cusco, it’s crucial to differentiate between the rainy & the dry season as the conditions are very different. Usually, the rainy season is from November to March/April and the dry season from April/May to October.

However, don’t take our word literally as we have been seeing variations due the latest climate change.

scenery rainbow mountains

View on the third Rainbow Mountain Palccoyo.


Visiting the rainbow mountains, no matter if Vinicunca or Palccoyo, in the dry season is almost always a safe bet.

Enjoying the rainbow mountains together with a blue sky and the sun is an incredible setting.

Keep in mind that during this time, the mountains tend to be more crowded as for the most part dry season also means high season.

In Cusco, the most crowded months are June – September.

rainbow mountain vinicunca half is covered in snow

Photo of snow-capped Vinicunca from traveler Aykut Gebes. 


In the rainy season, both mountains can be covered in snow which will result in a picture as shown above or even worse, a completely snow-capped rainbow mountain.

Rain in Cusco often means snow on the mountains. Obviously, this is not what most travelers are looking to experience as the hike can be more difficult, cold and even dangerous.

That’s why there are several days in the rainy season where it is not possible to visit the rainbow mountains.


Recommended Clothes for Hiking the Rainbow Mountains

As the weather can change very quickly in the Peruvian highlands, it is important to be prepared properly and to wear multiple layers of clothes.

Your outfit for this hike could look like this:

  • Long trekking pants
  • Warm trekking socks (take a second pair with you, in case it is snowing or raining)
  • Compression shirt
  • Long sleeve and/or fleece pullover
  • Windbreaker
  • Trekking shoes (not necessary, but highly recommended)
Local smiling with white llama

One of the locals with his beloved llama Jorge at Palccoyo. 


You can bring the following things in your backpack:

  • Gloves, scarf and a hat
  • Sunscreen and chapstick
  • Rain cape
  • 2.5 l bottle of water
  • Snacks (Fruit, granola bars, chocolate) and coca leaves
  • Camera
  • Cash (for entrance, drone usage, souvenirs, snacks, toilet usage etc.)


A Must Visit When in Cusco

Without a doubt, both rainbow mountains are incredible and 100% worth seeing when visiting Cusco.

Before doing any of the tours, make sure to have stayed at least 2 days in Cusco so that your body already got used to the altitude.

We at Exploor prefer the Palccoyo rainbow mountain as it is less crowded and the surrounding landscape is more impressive.

Being one of the first travelers getting to the mountain and discovering it almost on your own is an incredible feeling.

traveler with alpaca in front of colorful rainbow mountain

Nothing better than taking a picture with a fluffy alpaca. 


Furthermore, the hike is a lot easier and as both mountains are at a very high altitude this is a strong point to consider.

No matter which tour you end up choosing, enjoy it to the fullest and let us know what it was like!

Check out the complete info of the Palccoyo rainbow mountain and the Vinicunca rainbow mountain to find out more and feel free to contact us if you have any additional questions.

  • 18 March, 2024 at 10:39 pm

    Genial la información! Yo voy a alquilar auto en Cusco para poder recorrer a mi tiempo, pero la información que brindan es muy muy útil. Gracias!

  • 20 September, 2023 at 11:14 am


    Is it possible for my 5yr kid to trek the mountain and also we are planning in the month of Jan 2024

    • 23 September, 2023 at 9:31 am

      Hey Igine! We do not recommend hiking rainbow mountain with you 5 year old kid. Rainbow Mountain is at around 5000 m and the oxygen is very thin, so you have to be careful with that.

      Let us know if you have any other questions, we’re happy to help! 🙂


  • 8 August, 2023 at 3:34 am

    Hey Team Exploor,
    Will it be good to visit Palccoyo in February/ March?

    • 10 August, 2023 at 9:04 am

      Hey Anita, thank you for your comment. Visiting Palccoyo in February/March (especially February) means a high chance of snow and not being able to see Palccoyo. Towards the end of March it tends to be better. If you want more details, feel free to contact us via mail at

      Thanks and saludos from Peru,

  • 7 November, 2021 at 4:42 am

    Hey Team Exploor,
    we are planning on visiting Peru in 2022. Can our two children, 9 and 11, participate in that tour? They are both very fit and we have been already to Colombia with them.

    • 7 November, 2021 at 5:13 am

      Hello Hendrik,
      awesome that you guys are coming to Peru! We can not recommend this tour for children under 12 years as the lack of oxygen can be very harmful for their brain.
      For that reason we would suggest you to explore other sites with them such as: Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley or our Cusco city tour.

      Team Exploor

  • 1 October, 2021 at 3:59 pm

    Do you offer daily tours as well? And which one would you recommend in case we do the Salkantay trek with you before? Thank you for your help.

    • 3 October, 2021 at 6:32 pm

      Hey Thomas! Yes, we do offer day tours as well. We’d recommend the Sacred Valley tour as it will help you get used to the altitude while learning more about the culture of the Incas and seeing beautiful landscapes.

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